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Yes, Cats Do Get Heartworms!

September 26, 2016 | Filed under: Uncategorized — Trumann Staff @ 7:58 pm

Pet Talk

By dr. Norette L. Underwood

 

Yes, Cats Do Get Heartworms!

 

Heartworm disease is very prevalent in the canine population. We have know for years that it has been a problem for dogs. In the last 20 years it has become more widely recognized in cats. In all Heartworm infected pets, the Mosquito is the vector that transmits this disease from one animal to another.

 

Pathology from Heartworm infection in the dog occurs primarily from the 12-16 inch adult Heartworms causing heart disease due to mechanical obstruction of blood flow in the heart and pulmonary vessels.  The pathology in a cat from Heartworm disease is very different from the dog.  In the feline, the larvae(immature life stage) of Heartworms migrate to the blood vessels in the lungs. This causes inflammation in the lungs, resulting in more respiratory signs that cardiac signs in a cat.   The damage to the lung in cats infected with feline Heartworm is so specific that pathologists describe it as  Heartworm Associated Respiratory Disease or “HARD”.

 

As a result of Heartworm disease being a relatively less publicized feline issue, the general cat owner may not even be aware that cats can acquire Heartworm Disease. Most canine owners understand the importance of regular Heartworm prevention.  Cats also need regular Heartworm prevention.

 

There is a safe effective Heartworm treatment for dogs, but not for cats.  That is why it is so important to put on monthly preventative.  The American Heartworm Society and The Heartworm Symposium predict that 10% of all new Heartworm cases will be in the feline.  They also have shown that 25% of Heartworm infected cats reside exclusively indoors.

 

Testing cats for Heartworms is still under debate. Consult your veterinarian for the best Heartworm protocol for your feline furry friend.

 

Cats just like dogs need Heartworm Prevention administered all year long for the entire length of their life.
If you have questions about feline Heartworm disease please contact Dr. Underwood of Trumann Animal Clinic and Best Friends Mobile at catdoc56@gmail.com



Doc’s HouseTraining Tips for Puppies

September 20, 2016 | Filed under: Uncategorized — Trumann Staff @ 3:05 pm

Pet Talk
By Dr. Norette L. Underwood

Dr. Underwood’s House training Tips for Puppies

Every day I get questions about how to house train my puppy. Housetraining takes, time, patience, a schedule and repetition. My simple suggestions are:

Feed your puppy 2-3 times daily, depending on the breed. Put down what they will eat in 5-10 minutes. Eating stimulates going to the bathroom. If you let them eat all day, they poop all day.

Decide if you want them to use a potty pad or go outside. You cannot do both and be successful.

Take them out often! Especially after eating, sleeping, and playing.

Develop a catch phrase such as ”lets go poopy” or “time to potty” and use it every time you get ready to take them outside.

Take them out on a leash to the area you want them to use for eliminations. Stand in one area and use your phrase to let them know why they are outside. Give them 5-10 minutes to do their business. If nothing happens take them back into the house and put them in an area where you can keep close watch. If their attention diverts or they act like they need to go, take them out immediately to their area.

Most puppies should be doing fairly well with housetraining by 16 weeks, but some dogs take up to 6 months or longer to be totally trained. Do not take and rub your pet’s nose in their mess. They have no idea why you are rubbing their nose on the floor, plus it may make your pet afraid.

When your pup has a mistake be patient and kind. Put them outside as quick as you can. Do not punish them. Do not let them see you clean up their poop or urine.

Be sure and use a deodorizer specifically for cleaning up urine and feces. This will help destroy the odor and prevent your pup from using the same area.

When puppies have to go you must act then. You cannot wait until your TV show is over or it is the end of a video game. This is crucial to proper house training.

You do not want to let your puppy outside to play until they are house trained. This will confuse them and they have no clue why they are there. I made the mistake with my Cairn terrier Katie. It was just too easy to open the door to my yard that was totally fenced, and let her out. It took me almost a year to house train.

If you have questions about housetraining contact dr. Norette Underwood of Best Friends Pet Mobile or Trumann Animal Clinic at catdoc56@gmail.com. 



Mushroom Poisoning in Dogs

September 19, 2016 | Filed under: Uncategorized — Trumann Staff @ 3:05 pm

Pet Talk
By Dr. Norette L. Underwood

Mushroom Poisoning in Dogs

With all the rain we have had for the past several weeks, many mushrooms have popped up. Driving to work I see many yards with beautiful white mushrooms growing. I go out every morning and check my dog pen for mushrooms and pull them up if I can. This is assurance that my dogs will not be victims of mushrooms. Below are tips about mushroom poisoning and how to protect your pet.

1. Onset of mushroom toxicity is 30 minutes to 6 hours after ingesting mushrooms.

2. Signs are not specific to mushroom toxicity. Other differential diagnosis are: ethylene glycol (antifreeze), head injury, low blood glucose and epilepsy.

3. Acute signs are nausea, salivation, vomiting, diarrhea (sometimes bloody), dilated pupils, ataxia, tremors, muscle fasciculation, seizures, possibility of renal failure, possibility of kidney failure, coma and death.

4. Most common sign seen in may be ataxia.

5. Baseline blood work to check liver and kidney function can be done.

6. Initial treatment: induce vomiting if dog is stable (which will physically remove mushrooms from stomach), followed by activated charcoal to bind any remaining toxin in the stomach or intestines. IV fluids to help the kidneys remove toxins.

7. Supportive treatment: IV fluids and monitoring. Some dogs with severe tremors or seizures require anti-seizure medication and more intense monitoring.

8. Animals typically recover from neurological signs within 24-48 hours and some have had liver or kidney failure.

9. Keep your dog on a leash to monitor what they eat.

If you have questions about Mushroom Toxicity contact dr. Norette L. Underwood of the Trumann Animal Clinic and Best Friends Vet Mobile at catdoc56@gmail.com